Review: Epilepsy Pocket Guide: Full Illustrated 2016 by HC-HealthComm

epilepsy

 

Chapter 1 Introduction
Epilepsy Prevalence and Epidemiology
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is characterized by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance. It can lead to loss of consciousness and/or convulsions. The term “epilepsy” encompasses a wide variety of seizure disorders. According to the Epilepsy Foundation, it is one of the most common neurological disorders, affecting 65 million people worldwide and over 2 million people in the United States (Epilepsy Foundation; www.epilepsy.com). The prevalence of epilepsy is higher in the developing world, affecting almost twice the number of people in low- and middle-income countries than in the developed world. The estimated incidence of epilepsy (adults and children) in high-income countries is approximately 50.4 out of 100,000 persons/year, while the incidence in low income countries is approximately 81.7 out of 100,000 persons/year (Ngugi et al., 2011).
Epilepsy in most forms is considered a treatable disease. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), up to three quarters of people with epilepsy who need treatment in the developing world do not receive that treatment (WHO 2012). Commonly cited reasons for this disparity include the high cost of drugs and drug availability. Financial hardship is also cited as a reason for treatment non-compliance in North American populations (United States and Canada) (Burneo et al., 2009). Additional factors that lead to non-compliance are difficulty interacting with the care providers and non-private insurance (United States) (Burneo et al., 2009). In the developed world, minorities have reduced access to medical care for epilepsy, but there is insufficient data to determine whether this disparity is a function of race/ethnicity or other closely related factors such as socioeconomic status and education level (Bureno et al., 2009).

Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Chapter 1 Introduction
Epilepsy Prevalence and Epidemiology
Epilepsy Versus Seizures
Types of Epilepsy
Causes of Epilepsy
Environmental Triggers
Brain Injury
Tumors
Tuberous Sclerosis
Fever
Neurocysticercosis
Brain Malformation
Focal Cortical Dysplasia
Hemimegalencephaly
Classical Lissencephaly
Polymicrogyria
Genetic
Conclusions
Chapter 2 Physiology and Pathophysiology
Introduction
The Brain
Basic Anatomy of the Cerebral Cortex
Neurons and Their Function
Neuronal Excitability: the Action Potential
Pathophysiologic Mechanisms
Alteration of Inhibition and Excitation
Epileptogenesis
Epilepsy Co-morbidities
Autism
Psychiatric, Cognitive and Social Comorbidities
Conclusion
Chapter 3 Genetics and Epigenetics
Introduction
Genetics of Epilepsy Disorders
Generalized and Idiopathic Epilepsy
Dravet Syndrome and Other Syndromic Epilepsies
Epilepsy with Encephalopathy and Mental Retardation
Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy
Epigenetics
DNA Methylation
Chromatin
Role of MicroRNA
Conclusion
Chapter 4 Diagnosis and Guidelines
Introduction
Guidelines
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE)
The American Epilepsy Society (AES)
Diagnosis of Epilepsy
Diagnostic Tests
Conclusion
Chapter 5 Treatment and Management
Introduction
Treatment of New Onset Epilepsy
Treatment of Refractory Epilepsy
Treatment of Febrile Seizures
Imaging Guidelines for Epilepsy Studies
Conclusion
Chapter 6 Recent Advances &lt

 

REVIEW

 

It might not be the kind of book I used to review, but it was an interesting reading.  And sometimes I also read nonfiction, not very often but I do.

I started reading this book looking for information about EEG and maybe some treatment guidelines. I liked what I found, but since is a pocket guide, the information was a little limited.

I was pleased with the book. It had a lot of information about types and causes of epilepsy. I liked that the book summary showed the table of contents. That is always something that I look before reading a book and it made my decision easier.

The writing style is simple. Easy to understand. The tables and images were appropriate, but I have a comment on this. I switched from my kindle to the PC app while reading this book, it might be an issue of me don’t knowing how this work, but when I was on the PC app I had trouble looking at the images, so I would recommend to use either a kindle, a tablet or a phone app for reading this book, to have the ability to maximized the size of the tables and figures.

I think the whole material can’t be extrapolated to everyone, or most likely to anyplace, mostly in the case of the use of some technologies, even though the principles might be right, not all the technology mention in the book is possible everywhere.

In general terms, the book was really good and give a great help to someone looking for quick information about epilepsy.

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